1They include categories from the UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounts (SEEA) Classification of Environmental Protection Activities (CEPA) and Classification of Resource Management Activities (CReMA), but they are not 100 percent comparable due to the BER’s inclusion of indirect expenditures, see below
2Also called a spending review, sectoral spending analysis or comprehensive spending review, among other terms.
9E.g. debt payments as percent of GDP, foreign exchange rate, and poverty and employment statistics.
10PER refers to the Public Expenditure Review as that was the focus of this analysis. PNBV is the Spanish translation of the National Development Plan – literally “National Plan for Good Living”. Source: BIOFIN Ecuador.
11There may also be expenditures that unintentionally benefit sustainable biodiversity management. Without any written intentional link to the NBSAP or other biodiversity or ecosystem objectives, their inclusion becomes very subjective. However, where these impacts are identified, it is worth noting, as unintentional positive impacts could become intentional if they are recognized and mainstreamed into the actors’ plans.
17Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) was part of Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services under the CBD strategic plan, but separated out in the previous BIOFIN categories.